Yantai City, a well-known "land of fruits" in Shandong Province, is China's largest cultivation area of cash apples. The Yantai apple is famous nationwide for its various breeds, huge output and high quality. Yantai apple abounds in nutrition of fructose, apple acid, vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, and iron etc., and has high curative value, being especially good for kidney, stomach and heart, etc.
Yantai is a Key Fruit Export Base in north China and the biggest Red Fuji Apple Production Base, which has 186,700 hectares of top--grade apple orchard. The output of Yantai apple, which is the principal variety of fruits in Yantai, is 1.9 million tons, accounts for 9% of national output and the export amount accounts for 1/4 of the whole country. At a national appraisal Conference 1994, fifteen varieties of the Yantai Apple were rated, with seven at the top of the list, among the twenty-one high-quality fruits in northern China. It is the biggest economic culture area of apple in China.
Yantai has a marine climate, with humid air, ample sunlight and appropriate rainfall, which is propitious to the growing of apples. Yantai apple has a cultivation history of over 100 years. In the mid 19th century, it was the US missionaries that first introduced apples into China, and began cultivation and popularization in Yantai. This is how Yantai apple came into being.
After so many years of cultivation and development, by far, Yantai apple has 100-odd breeds, the most famous of which are Hongxiangjiao Apple, Guoguang Apple, etc. About 90% of the villages in Yantai have apple orchards, and the planting area totals more than 700,000 mu (1 mu = 1/15 hectare), with an annual output of 1.9 million tons.